Project Maelstrom uses the same peer-to-peer (P2P) technology that powers the BitTorrent file sharing protocol. According to BitTorrent, the new browser offers a more efficient and economical alternative to accessing the web through the conventional Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).
While Maelstrom can of course be used to connect to conventional websites (addresses starting with http://), it also enables access to special "bittorrent://" pages, examples of which are provided on the browser's home page. These are stored across multiple users' browsers rather than on a single centralized server. BitTorrent points out that in addition to web pages, the browser could be used to store games and other apps.
Maelstrom is based on the open-source browser technology Chromium, which allows users to connect to any conventional site and to download files.