According to the study, MPAA studios lost $6.1 billion to piracy in 2005, which is consistent with a piracy study conducted by Smith Barney in 2003 that predicted the motion picture industry would lose $5.4 billion to piracy in 2005.
Of the $6.1 billion in lost revenue to the studios, $1.3 billion came from piracy in the United States and $4.8 billion internationally, with nearly half of that loss occurring in Europe. About $2.4 billion was lost to bootlegging*, $1.4 to illegal copying and $2.3 billion to Internet piracy. In the U.S., illegal copying and distribution is more of a problem while internationally, illegal downloading and bootlegging is more prevalent.
The countries where movie piracy is occurring most prominently are the China, Russia, UK, France, Spain, Brazil, Italy, Poland and Mexico.
The MPAA recently provided international data from the study to the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative for use in preparing its annual report on worldwide intellectual property rights.
The average film copyright thief is male, between the ages of 16-24 and lives in an urban area. College students in the U.S., Korea and Hungary contribute the most to each country?s individual loss. The 16-24 age range represents a disproportionately high percentage of pirates, especially downloaders, across the 22 directly researched countries. It is even higher in the U.S., where the same age range represents 71% of downloaders.
?The findings in this study reinforce the need for a multi-pronged approach to fighting piracy,? said Glickman. ?As an industry, we have to continue to educate people about copyright laws and the consequences of breaking those laws. At the same time, we have to provide legitimate, hassle-free ways for consumers to obtain movies at a reasonable cost. In the meantime we will continue to work with governments and law enforcement around the world to ensure copyright law is prevalent and enforced.?