The Motion Picture Association of America, Inc. (MPAA) released new information about piracy from a study done by LEK Consulting that the association is using as a roadmap to help fight piracy worldwide.
The study was commissioned for use as an advocacy tool to illustrate for governments around the world the need to thwart copyright theft, which
impacts economies in countries from the United States to China, according to MPAA. It
provides specifics about which countries have the biggest problems with piracy,
the impact on the economy, losses to industries in various countries as well as
losses to the major studios, and a profile of the typical pirate. It also reflects a
more complete picture of piracy because for the first time, losses due to Internet
piracy are measured.
According to the study, MPAA studios lost $6.1 billion to piracy in 2005, which is
consistent with a piracy study conducted by Smith Barney in 2003 that predicted
the motion picture industry would lose $5.4 billion to piracy in 2005.
Of the $6.1 billion in lost revenue to the studios, $1.3 billion came from piracy in
the United States and $4.8 billion internationally, with nearly half of that loss
occurring in Europe. About $2.4 billion was lost to bootlegging*, $1.4 to illegal
copying and $2.3 billion to Internet piracy. In the U.S., illegal copying and
distribution is more of a problem while internationally, illegal downloading and
bootlegging is more prevalent.
The countries where movie piracy is occurring most prominently are the China,
Russia, UK, France, Spain, Brazil, Italy, Poland and Mexico.
The MPAA recently provided international data from the study to the Office of the
U.S. Trade Representative for use in preparing its annual report on worldwide
intellectual property rights.
The average film copyright thief is male, between the ages of 16-24 and lives in
an urban area. College students in the U.S., Korea and Hungary contribute the
most to each country?s individual loss. The 16-24 age range represents a
disproportionately high percentage of pirates, especially downloaders, across the
22 directly researched countries. It is even higher in the U.S., where the same
age range represents 71% of downloaders.
?The findings in this study reinforce the need for a multi-pronged approach
to fighting piracy,? said Glickman. ?As an industry, we have to continue to
educate people about copyright laws and the consequences of breaking
those laws. At the same time, we have to provide legitimate, hassle-free
ways for consumers to obtain movies at a reasonable cost. In the
meantime we will continue to work with governments and law enforcement
around the world to ensure copyright law is prevalent and enforced.?