Tuesday, October 21, 2014
Search
  
Submit your own News for
inclusion in our Site.
Click here...
Breaking News
China Denies Apple's iCloud Hack Allegations
Samsung Galaxy KNOX Devices Approved for U.S. Government Classified Use
iPhone 6 Demand Help ARM's Growth
SK Hynix Develops High Density 16GB NVDIMM
Samsung Mass Produces 8-Gigabit DDR4 Based on 20 Nanometer Process Technology
Strong iPhone, Mac And App Store Sales Drive Apple's Record September Quarter Revenue And Earnings
Apple iOS 8.1 Available For Download
E FUN To Relase $179 Windows tablet
Active Discussions
Copied dvd's say blank in computer only
How to generate lots of different CDs quickly
Yamaha CRW-F1UX
help questions structure DVDR
Made video, won't play back easily
Questions durability monitor LCD
Questions fungus CD/DVD Media, Some expert engineer in optical media can help me?
CD, DVD and Blu-ray burning for Android in development
 Home > News > Optical Storage > Levy On...
Last 7 Days News : SU MO TU WE TH FR SA All News

Monday, March 14, 2005
Levy On Blank Carriers Also For MP3 And Video Recorders With Hard Drives


At the end of September 2004, the Swiss copyright societies SUISA, SUISSIMAGE, SSA, ProLitteris and Swissperform presented their tariff proposal for a levy on digital recording devices equipped with a hard disk or memory chip to the Federal Arbitration Commission for authors' and performers' rights.

Before presenting their proposal to the Federal Arbitration Commission, the societies held negotiations with the federation representing the makers and importers of such devices. Since the negotiations produced no results, it is now for the Federal Arbitration Commission to decide on such a tariff. The Commission is expected to do so towards the end of March this year.

The copyright societies are proposing a levy of Frs. 1.04 per gigabyte (GB) of storing capacity on audio recorders (e.g. iPod), and of Frs 1.27 p. GB for audiovideo recording devices (e.g. digital set-top boxes with hard drive or hard drive video recorders). The levy proposed for audio memory devices with microchip is Frs 0.12 per megabyte. These fees apply to recording devices that are designed for storing music or films. PC hard drives and external hard drives are not affected.

Such levies already exist in most European countries. Switzerland is not alone. In Germany, the levy on audio devices with built-in hard drives is ? 2,65: for audio video devices, the levy is ? 12.- regardless of storage capacity. In France, the levy on audio devices is of ? 15.- pro 20 GB capacity, and for audiovisual devices, of ? 15.- pro 40 GB capacity. In Austria, a ? 20.- levy is charged on audio devices with over 20 GB storage capacity.

The copyright societies' proposal is based on Articles 19 and 20 of the current Copyright Law which authorise copying for private use but require makers or importers of blank supports to pay a fee.

The amount of the levy will be decided before the Federal Arbitration Commission. The proposed capacity-based tarification system is just one of several possibilities. The levy could also vary with the end sales price.

Makers and importers of blank cassettes and recording devices like the iPod earn on the sale of the hardware components which allow consumers to play music and films anywhere at any time. The legislative took the view that the composer or filmmaker should not be left empty-handed. Copyright law's very raison d'κtre is to protect creators and guarantee them a fair remuneration for the use of their works. The iPod boom should not just profit the electronics industry, it should also profit composers.

An argument regularly invoked is that if a blank carrier levy were to be charged on mp3 and hard disc recorders, consumers would be paying double since they also pay a fee for downloading the music from the internet. That is not true.

Video recorders with hard drives replace conventional video recording devices which are not used to record downloaded content but to record broadcasts that consumers receive for free via cable or satellite.

Surveys show that in the case of audio recorders, only 1% of downloaded content comes from a legal source where a fee has been duly paid. In Switzerland, music cannot yet be downloaded from iTunes, the Apple online shop. Accordingly, no remuneration has been paid for any music files downloaded on iPods here. The music files come from online file-sharing sites or from CDs.

Even if the consumer had actually paid to download a song, recording that song on his portable player with a hard drive or memory chip (e.g. iPod) constitutes an additional use. Online providers of music titles are only licensed to offer the titles for streaming or downloading; they are not entitled to authorise private consumers to make copies. Copyright Law itself authorises private individuals to make copies of protected works under the proviso, however, that the makers or importers of the blank carriers used for copying those works pay a fee. The advantage of this system of indirect remuneration is that the private copies do not have to be checked and the private sphere is therefore preserved from any obtrusive interference from the content provider.


Previous
Next
Sony to Launch 9.8mm-Thin Digital Camera        All News        Apple Wins Trade Secrets Legal Dispute
Verbatim testing 8.5GB DVD+R DL in under 15 minutes     Optical Storage News      CyberLink Releases PowerDVD 6 Packs for DVD Enthusiasts

Get RSS feed Easy Print E-Mail this Message

Related News
Search Engines Play A role In Piracy: study
UK 'Softens' Copyright Alert Program
U.S. Releases Trade Report On Worst Copyright Offenders
European ISPs May Be Ordered To Block User's Access To Pirated Content: court
Hotfile To Pay $80 Million In Settlement Case With MPAA
French Court Tackles Streaming and Download Sites
MPAA Lists The World's Most Notorious Markets For Illegal Film Distribution
Search Engines Encouraging Online Content Infringement: MPAA
France Drops Three-strikes Law
Australian Police Sized 80,000 Counterfeit DVDs
Web Piracy Does Not Affect Music Sales, Study Says
France Proposes Tougher Anti-Piracy Laws

Most Popular News
 
Home | News | All News | Reviews | Articles | Guides | Download | Expert Area | Forum | Site Info
Site best viewed at 1024x768+ - CDRINFO.COM 1998-2014 - All rights reserved -
Privacy policy - Contact Us .