Nokia won a court injunction that would prevent HTC from using microphone components made by STMicroelectronics NV in HTC One phones.
Nokia announced the decision by the Amsterdam District Court that the microphone components were invented by Nokia and manufactured exclusively for Nokia phones.
"HTC has no license or authorization from Nokia to use these microphones or the Nokia technologies from which they have been developed," Nokia said.
It said the injunction was effective until March 2014 and would prevent ST Micro from selling the components to Taiwan's HTC globally.
HTC said it was disappointed with the decision.
Nokia has filed about 40 patent infringement cases against HTC.