The Copyright Board of Canada has issued the Private Copying Tariff
Under the new tariff, the Canadian Private Copying Collective (CPCC)
will continue to collect the
private copying levy on blank CD-Rs at the same rate since 2008(29?).
As of January 1, 2011 there will no longer be a levy on MiniDiscs,
Private copying is the subject of Part VIII of Canada's Copyright
Act, the federal statute that sets down the general legal framework
for copyright protection in Canada. Copyright is the legal mechanism
by which those who create original works, like music, are able to be
that work. As copyright holders, creators have a right to control
certain uses of their work, and place conditions - like payment - on
use by others. These payments take the form of royalties.
To illustrate, performance of a song, a record sale or printing a
musical score are all events that would trigger a copyright royalty.
But unlike a publishing or record deal, private copying cannot by its
very nature be managed and accounted for by contract: private copies
spontaneously by people in the privacy of their own homes. That's why
private copying receives special treatment in the legislation.
Permission does not have to be sought; private
copying is simply permitted. But in exchange, the Act sets up a
system to collect and distribute royalties to those with rights in
the music that is copied. True to general copyright principles,
legislators have ensured that creators and others with copyright in
recorded music are able to
be paid for use of their work.
The CPCC is the non-profit agency that collects the private copying
royalty and distributes it to its member collectives, which represent
songwriters, composers, music publishers, recording artists,
musicians and record companies.