Intel, struggling with weak sales as it loses market share to rival AMD, hopes to get back on track this week when it unveils faster, more efficient computer chips.
The world's biggest chipmaker hopes the fanfare around its twice-annual developers' forum in San Francisco, beginning on Tuesday, will eclipse its Friday revelation that first-quarter revenue will be considerably lower than earlier thought.
The event is a chance for Intel to showcase upcoming chips for business computers, laptops and desktops. It needs to prove that it too can make chips with heaps of processing horsepower but which use less power than previous designs.
AMD, once content to mimic Intel's advances, has set the technological pace in recent years with innovations such as putting two processing cores in a single chip -- moves that have helped it gobble market share from its much-larger rival.
"Multicore gives us the ability to get back on traditional performance growth lines," Intel Chief Technology Officer Justin Rattner told reporters on Monday. "We have become fanatical about energy efficiency. We have to continue to make progress in terms of energy efficiency."
Analysts expect Intel to focus chiefly on chips for the server computers that run corporate networks. Highlighting the importance of that segment, the event's main speech will be given by Pat Gelsinger, head of Intel's enterprise business.
"My expectation is that Intel's new products are definitely going to narrow the gap with AMD, and in some cases may even close the gap," said Nathan Brookwood, head of semiconductor consultancy Insight64.
The Santa Clara, California-based company will also try to build more buzz around its line-up of microprocessors for laptop computers that form the hottest-selling slice of the maturing computer industry.
Of course, AMD isn't standing still, either.
The company plans to unveil a chip with four processing cores next year, and analysts say they expect it to show a high degree of integration of the various components, one of the advantages AMD has had over Intel's multiple core chips.
"We think AMD has a 12-to-18 month lead, and we haven't seen anything to change that view," said JoAnne Feeney, an analyst with New York-based investment bank Punk, Ziegel & Co. who has a "buy" rating on AMD stock.
AMD's edge has translated into more market share in every segment of the computer industry.
The company had 22 percent of the global desktop market at the end of 2005, compared with 19.6 percent a year earlier, according to market research firm Gartner. In laptops, its share rose to 10.5 percent in 2005 from 8.5 percent in 2004.