Scramble


A regular bit pattern fed into the EFM encoder can cause large values of the digital sum value in case the merging bits cannot reduce this value. The scrambler reduces this risk by converting the bits in byte 12 to 2 351 of a Sector in a prescribed way. Each bit in the input stream of the scrambler is added modulo 2 to the least significant bit of a maximum length register. The least significant bit of each byte comes first in the input stream. The 15-bit register is of the parallel block synchronized type, and fed back according to polynomial x^15 + x + 1. After the Sync of the Sector, the register is pre-set with the value 0000 0000 0000 0001, where the ONE is the least significant bit.

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